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云南省城市化与水资源的耦合协调发展研究
童彦1, 潘玉君2, 张梅芬1, 张玲1
1.曲靖师范学院 文化旅游学院, 云南 曲靖 655011;2.云南师范大学 旅游与地理科学学院, 云南 昆明 650092
摘要:
[目的] 研究城市化系统与水资源的相互作用,为正确评价城市化与水资源耦合协调关系提供科学依据,进而为促进区域人口、资源、经济及生态环境的协调发展提供决策参考。[方法] 运用耦合协调发展相关研究成果,从人口城市化、土地城市化和社会城市化3方面构建城市化评价指标体系;从水资源禀赋、水资源压力和水资源管理3方面构建水资源评价指标体系,进而构建城市化与水资源耦合协调发展评价指标体系。以2008-2017年相关数据为支撑,定量测算云南省多年城市化与水资源耦合度、发展度和协调度,并根据协调发展类型划分标准对研究时段内云南省城市化与水资源的协调发展类型和对比类型进行划分,并在此基础上对二者的协调状态进行评估;同时在GIS技术支持下,分别以2008和2017年为时间节点,揭示不同时段云南省各市(州)城市化与水资源协调发展的空间格局特征与空间格局的变化特征。[结果] ①从时间序列特征看,云南省城市化与水资源协调发展先后经历了2个阶段,即磨合阶段和协调阶段;②自2013年起由城市化滞后向水资源滞后转变;③从空间格局特征看,呈现以昆明市为中心,从中部"协调型"逐步转变为边缘"失调型"的空间格局。[结论] 云南省城市化与水资源之间的相互依赖程度高,协调发展与总体发展趋势良好,但空间差异显著;城市化进程促进了水资源效率提高,同时水资源对经济社会发展支撑能力的提高又有效推动了城市化进程。
关键词:  城市化  水资源  耦合协调  云南省
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.06.035
分类号:F293.2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“云南少数民族地理:空间结构、地理观念和人地关系预警研究”(41261033);云南省哲学社会科学规划课题(QN2018016);云南省教育厅科学研究基金项目(2021J0500);曲靖师范学院重点课程《地貌学》(ZDKC2016004);国家级大学生创新创业训练计划(20200114Z);曲靖师范学院精品课程《世界地理》(JPKC2016006)
Coupling and Coordinated Development of Urbanization and Water Resources in Yunnan Province
Tong Yan1, Pan Yujun2, Zhang Meifen1, Zhang Ling1
1.College of Cultural Tourism, Qujing Normal University, Qujing, Yunnan 655011, China;2.College of Tourism and Geography Sciences, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, Yunnan 650092, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The interaction between urbanization system and water resource system was studied in order to provide a scientific basis for the correct evaluation of the coupling and coordination relationship between urbanization and water resources, and to provide decision reference for promote the coordinated development of regional population, resources, economy and ecological environment.[Methods] Apply coupling and coordination research achievement, the urbanization evaluation index system was established from three aspects of population urbanization, land urbanization and social urbanization build. Water resource evaluation index system was established from water resources levels, water resource stress and water resource management, and then the coupling and coordination evaluation index system about urbanization and water resources was established. Based on the relevant data from 2008 to 2017, the coupling degree development index and coordinated development degree between urbanization and water resources in Yunnan Province was quantitatively calculated. According to the classification of coordinated development types, the coordinated development types and comparison types in Yunnan Province during the study period were divided, and the coordination status was evaluated. At the same time, with the support of GIS technology, taking 2008 and 2017 as the time points, the spatial pattern characteristics and spatial pattern of variation characteristics between urbanization and water resources in different cities (states) in Yunnan Province were studied.[Results] ① From the characteristics of time series, the coordinated development of urbanization and water resources experienced two phases, namely, run-in phase and coordination phase.② The urbanization lag had shifted to water resources lag since 2013 in Yunnan Province. ③ From the feature of spatial pattern, the spatial pattern with Kunming City as the center gradually changed from the central "coordination" to the edge "disorder".[Conclusion] There is a high degree of interdependence between urbanization and water resources in Yunnan Province. The coordinated development and overall development trend is good, but the spatial difference of the coordinated development types is significant. The process of urbanization has promoted the efficiency of water resources, at the same time, the improvement of support of water resources for economic and social development effectively promoted the process of urbanization.
Key words:  urbanization  water resources  coupling and coordination  Yunnan Province