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沈阳经济区土地利用转型与社会经济发展的关系
吕冰1, 王越1, 李炆颖1, 李佩泽1, 沈殿示1, 高佳2
1.沈阳师范大学 管理学院, 辽宁 沈阳 110034;2.东北大学 文法学院, 辽宁 沈阳 110169
摘要:
[目的] 开展沈阳经济区土地利用转型与社会经济发展研究,为助力东北振兴提供科学参考。[方法] 以沈阳经济区为研究区,运用GIS,RS技术,采用土地利用转移矩阵和重心转移轨迹模型,探讨1980—2018年研究区土地利用转型与社会经济发展在空间上的转移关系。[结果] ①研究区各种土地利用空间形态存在相互转化关系,耕地、林地和草地面积减少伴随建设用地面积增加;②研究区各种土地利用空间形态重心迁移的方向和速度差异明显,特别是2010年林地、草地、建设用地、水域和其他用地的重心迁移方向出现明显转折;③研究区人口、GDP重心分别呈现先“Z型”后“C型”迁移和“S型”迁移;④研究区各种土地利用空间形态与社会经济发展存在不同迁移形式。[结论] 土地利用转型与社会经济发展相互作用,沈阳经济区的设立促进了区域人口、建设用地和耕地重心向研究区几何中心迁移。
关键词:  土地利用转型  沈阳经济区  时空分异特征  重心转移轨迹
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.04.034
分类号:F301.2
基金项目:辽宁省社科规划基金项目“辽宁老工业基地土地利用集约化的时空尺度特征及其路径选择研究:以沈阳市为例”(L17CGL007);辽宁省教育厅科学研究项目(WQN201709);中央高校基本科研业务专项(N171403002)
Relationship Between Land Use Transformation and Social-economic Development in Shenyang Economic Zone
Lü Bing1, Wang Yue1, Li Wenying1, Li Peize1, Shen Dianshi1, Gao Jia2
1.School of Management, Shenyang Normal University, Liaoning, Shenyang 110034, China;2.School of Humanities and Law, Northeastern University, Liaoning, Shenyang 110169, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The land-use transformation and social-economic development in Shenyang economic zone was studied in order to provide a scientific reference for the revitalization in Northeast China. [Methods] This study took Shenyang economic zone as the research area. Based on GIS and RS technology, land-use transfer matrix and evolvement of the gravity center model were adopted to explore the spatial transfer relationship between land-use transformation and socioeconomic development in research area from 1980 to 2018. [Results] Firstly, there was an inter-conversion relationship between various land use spatial forms in Shenyang economic zone. Specifically, the area of cultivated land, forest land, and grassland decreased with the increase of the construction land area. Secondly, the direction and speed of the gravity center migration of various land use spatial forms in the study area were obviously different, especially in 2010, the direction of gravity center migration of forest land, grassland, construction land, water area, and other land use had obviously changed. Thirdly, the gravity center of population and GDP presented “Z-type” first, then “C-type” migration and “S-type” migration, respectively. Finally, there were different forms of migration for various land use spatial patterns and social and economic development in the study area. [Conclusion] Since land use transition and social-economic development are interactions, the establishment of Shenyang economic zone promoted the migration of the gravity center of its population, construction land, and cultivated land to the geometric center of the research area.
Key words:  land use transition  Shenyang economic zone  characteristics of temporal and spatial variability  evolvement of the gravity center