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基于因子分析与IPA法的农用地整治绩效诊断
郑华伟1,2,3, 陶嘉诚1, 胡锋2
1.南京农业大学 人文与社会发展学院, 江苏 南京 210095;2.南京农业大学 资源与环境科学学院, 江苏 南京 210095;3.自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210024
摘要:
[目的] 从农户视角剖析农用地整治项目绩效及其影响因素,为提升农用地整治项目绩效水平提供决策依据。[方法] 运用因子分析、IPA法、障碍度模型和问卷调查法诊断了农用地整治项目绩效及其影响因素。[结果] 农户视角下农用地整治项目绩效由后期管护满意度因子,前期阶段满意度因子,社会效益满意度因子,生态效益满意度因子,经济效益满意度因子,施工建设满意度因子共同解释;农用地整治项目绩效测度值为3.742 1,项目绩效总体上处于"良好"水平,项目结果绩效大于项目过程绩效;影响农用地整治项目绩效水平高低的重要因子主要包括后期管护资金供给程度,后期管护措施完善程度,后期管护制度健全程度,后期管护主体明确程度,规划设计征询农户意见情况,立项决策农户意见采纳程度,规划设计农户意见采纳程度,立项决策征询农户意见情况,生物多样性保护,农业规模生产,生产成本降低等。[结论] 为了有效提升农用地整治项目绩效水平,应进一步加强农用地整治项目后期管护,提高农用地整治项目农户有效参与程度,推进农用地整治生态建设,结合农用地整治开展农业适度规模经营。
关键词:  农用地整治  项目绩效  因子分析  IPA法
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.02.024
分类号:F301.2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目"农村土地整治生态风险管控研究"(71403130);中国博士后科学基金特别资助项目(2018T110520);中央高校基本科研业务费人文社科基金项目(SKCX2019009);自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室开放基金项目(2017CZEPK14);江苏高校哲学社会科学研究一般项目(2019SJA0046)
Performance Diagnosis of Farmland Consolidation Project Based on Factor Analysis and Importance-Performance Analysis Methods
Zheng Huawei1,2,3, Tao Jiachen1, Hu Feng2
1.College of Humanities and Social Development, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China;2.College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China;3.The Key Laboratory of the Coastal Zone Exploitation and Protection, Ministry of Natural Resources, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210024, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The performance of farmland consolidation project and its influencing factors from the perspectives of farmers was analyzed, in order to provide a basis for improving the performance level of farmland consolidation project.[Methods] Factor analysis, importance-performance analysis (IPA) methods, obstacle degree model and questionnaire survey were used to diagnose the performance and its influencing factors of farmland consolidation project.[Results] From the perspectives of farmers, the performance of farmland consolidation project was explained by the factors of final management and maintenance satisfaction, the early stage satisfaction, social benefit satisfaction, ecological benefit satisfaction, economic benefit satisfaction and construction satisfaction. The measurement value of farmland consolidation project performance was 3.742 1, which was in the level of good, and the project result performance level was higher than the process performance level. The important factors impacting project performance level mainly included the supply of funds for the final management and maintenance satisfaction, the improvement degree of later management and maintenance measures, the system of later management and maintenance, the clarity degree of later management and maintenance, the consultation with farmers' opinions in the stage of planning, the adoption degree of farmers' opinions in the stage of the decision making, the adoption degree of farmers' opinions in the stage of planning, the consultation with farmers' opinions in the stage of the decision making, biodiversity conservation, agricultural scale production, and production cost reduction.[Conclusion] The performance level of farmland consolidation project can be effectively enhanced by futher strengthening the later management maintenance, improving the farmers' effective participation, promoting the ecological construction of farmland consolidation, and carrying out the appropriate scale operation of agriculture combined with farmland consolidation.
Key words:  farmland consolidation  project performance  factor analysis  IPA method