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基于类型学方法的滞洪区村庄防洪空间格局研究——以河南省舞阳县为例
王江波1, 王子初1, 苟爱萍2
1.南京工业大学 建筑学院, 江苏 南京 211800;2.上海应用技术大学 生态学院, 上海 201418
摘要:
[目的]探讨滞洪区各类村庄的防洪空间格局模式,为村庄防洪工程建设决策提供参考。[方法]阐述村庄防洪的基本原则与构成要素,通过空间类型学方法来分析滞洪区村庄防洪空间各要素的主要功能。[结果]泥河洼滞洪区村庄防洪空间主要由围堰、水塘和沟渠、堤坝等要素组成。在工程实践中,形成了多种形式,以适应不同地形环境的需求。提炼出挡、蓄、疏、挡+蓄、蓄+疏、挡+挡+蓄这6类组合模式,并结合当地实际案例,进行了图解说明。[结论]滞洪区村庄防洪空间格局对防洪工作成效有很大影响,村庄防洪设施的精细化管理有助于提升防洪能力。
关键词:  滞洪区  村庄  防洪空间  工程要素  模式
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2019.03.034
分类号:X915.5
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“气候变化影响下城市公共空间景观韧性机理与调适策略研究”(51778364),“城市空间与避难行为的互动机理研究:以地震灾害为例”(51378010)
A Study on Spatial Pattern of Village Flood Control in Flood Detention Area Based on Typology—Taking Wuyang County, He'nan Province as an Example
Wang Jiangbo1, Wang Zichu1, Gou Aiping2
1.Department of Architecture, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211800, China;2.Ecology Institute, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The spatial pattern of flood control in flood detention area was discussed in order to provide a reference for the decision-making in flood control.[Methods] This paper elaborated the basic principles and constituent elements of village flood control, and analyzed the main functions of each spatial element of village flood control by spatial typology method.[Results] The village flood control space in Nihewa flood detention area was mainly composed of cofferdam, pond, ditch and dam. Various patterns had been formed to meet the needs of different terrain environments in engineering practice. Six different kinds of combination modes were refined, including block, storage, dredging, block & storage, storage & dredging, block & block & storage, and illustrated with local actual cases.[Conclusion] The spatial pattern of village flood control in flood detention area has a great impact on the effectiveness of flood control work, and the detailed management of village flood control facilities is helpful to improve flood control capacity.
Key words:  flood detention area  village  flood control space  engineering elements  pattern