引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 21次   下载 22 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
2种植物浮床对含抗生素养殖废水的净化效果
陈金峰1,2, 刘海林1,2, 邹春萍1,2, 刘可星3, 张佩霞1,2, 孙映波1,2
1.广东省农业科学院 环境园艺研究所 广东省园林花卉种质创新综合利用重点实验室, 广州 广东 5106402;2.农业农村部 华南都市农业重点实验室, 广州 广东 510640;3.华南农业大学 资源环境学院, 广州 广东 510642
摘要:
[目的]探讨湿地植物种类、浮床覆盖面积和处理时间3个因素对含抗生素养殖废水净化效果的影响,为高效利用湿地植物浮床技术去除养殖废水中的传统污染物和抗生素提供依据。[方法]分别利用巴拉草(Brachiaria mutica)和短叶茳芏(Cyperus malaccensis Lam.var.brevifolius)构建了植物浮床,每种植物浮床设置了20%,40%,60%这3个水面覆盖面积,监测了植物浮床在不同处理时间对养殖废水中的化学需氧量(COD)、氮磷和磺胺嘧啶的净化效果。[结果]各处理水质各指标随着运行时间持续变好:pH值变中性;溶解氧(DO)含量增加;氧化还原电位(ORP)上升;COD,氨氮(NH3-N),总氮(TN),总磷(TP)和抗生素磺胺嘧啶(SDZ)浓度持续降低;不同植物种类对水体pH值和ORP值,DO和COD的含量无显著影响,但显著影响水体营养盐的去除;巴拉草浮床对水体中NH3-N,TN和TP的去除效果优于短叶茳芏浮床;两种植物对SDZ的去除效率相当;总体上,60%的覆盖面积更加有利于水体中污染物的去除,但不利于DO扩散。[结论]60%覆盖面积的巴拉草浮床,在运行47 d时,去除养殖废水中COD (88%),NH3-N (97%),TN (89%),TP (94%)和SDZ (43%)的效果最好。
关键词:  植物浮床  养殖废水  营养盐  磺胺嘧啶  去除作用
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2019.03.023
分类号:X52;X171.5
基金项目:广东省科技计划项目“广东省农业科学院环境园艺研究所创新能力建设”(2017A070702008);广州市科技计划项目“水生观赏植物—微生物燃料电池系统(AOP-SMFC)去除沉积物中磺胺嘧啶的效果与机制”(201707010341)
Purification Effects of Two Floating Plant Beds on Antibiotics-containing Livestock Wastewater
Chen Jinfeng1,2, Liu Hailin1,2, Zou Chunping1,2, Liu Kexing3, Zhang Peixia1,2, Sun Yingbo1,2
1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Ornamental Plant Germplasm Innovation and Utilization, Environmental Horticulture Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China;2.Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture in South China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China;3.College of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510642, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The effects of wetland plant species, plant coverage and treatment time on the purification of antibiotic-containing livestock waste water were investigated in order to provide the basis for utilization of wetland plant floating beds technology to efficiently remove pollutants and antibiotics from livestock waste water.[Methods] Plant floating beds were constructed using Brachiaria mutica and Cyperus malaccensis Lam. var. brevifolius, respectively. Three different plant coverage areas (20%, 40% and 60%) were set for each plant bed. The purification effects of plant floating beds on chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfadiazine (SDZ) were monitored at different treatment times.[Results] The water quality was improved with the treatment time:pH value became neutral, dissolved oxygen (DO) content and oxidation reduction potential (ORP) increased, and the concentrations of COD, nutrients and SDZ decreased. Plant species had no significant effect on water pH value, DO, ORP and COD, but had significant effect on water nutrient removal. B. mutica performed better in the removal of ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) than C. malaccensis Lam. var. brevifolius, but no significant difference was found in terms of SDZ removal between the two plant species. In general, plant beds with 60% coverage area was more conducive to the removal of pollutants in water, but was not conducive to DO diffusion.[Conclusion] The floating beds constructed by B. mutica with 60% plant coverage had the best removal efficiencies. After 47 days of operation, the floating bed simultaneously removed 88% of the COD, 97% NH3-N, 89% TN, 94% TP and 43% of the SDZ in the wastewater.
Key words:  floating plant bed  livestock wastewater  nutrients  sulfadiazine  removal