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张家界市园林地被植物景观质量评价与应用研究
熊肸, 陈榕, 姜帅, 郑俊聪, 熊杰, 晏丽
吉首大学 土木工程与建筑学院, 湖南 张家界 427000
摘要:
[目的]对市区的园林地被植物进行全面调查,分析河北省张家界市园林地被植物的景观质量。[方法]运用层次分析法,对该82种园林地被植物的景观质量进行综合评价及排序、分级。[结果]张家界市园林地被植物共有82种,隶属于47科71属。等级为Ⅰ的园林地被植物观赏价值高且适应力强,景观质量优;等级为Ⅱ的地被植物观赏价值较高或适应力较高,景观质量中等;等级为Ⅲ的地被植物观赏价值或适应力较差,景观质量差。影响园林地被植物景观质量的主要因子有植物种类、色彩和生境。[结论]在园林地被植物景观的建设中,不仅要考虑植物种类、色彩的多样性,也要充分利用植物生境应用的多样性。
关键词:  张家界市  景观质量  地被植物  园林植物  层次分析法  综合评价与研究
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2018.05.049
分类号:S688
基金项目:吉首大学2017年大学生研究性和创新性试验计划项目“张家界市园林地被植物评价与应用研究”
Evaluation and Application of Landscape Quality of Cover Plants in Zhangjiajie City
XIONG Xi, CHEN Rong, JIANG Shuai, ZHENG Juncong, XIONG Jie, YAN Li
Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Jishou University, Zhangjiajie, Hu'nan 427000, China
Abstract:
[Objective] To investigate the landscape cover plants in Zhangjiajie City, Hunan Province in order to analyze the quality of landscape cover plants in the urban area.[Methods] Using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), the landscape quality of the 82 species of landscape cover plants were evaluated, sorted and graded.[Results] There were 82 species of landscape cover plants in Zhangjiajie City, belonging to 71 genera and 47 families. The ground plants of grade Ⅰ were ornamental and adaptable with excellent landscape architecture quality, and plants of grade Ⅱ were inferior in ornamental value and adaptability, plants of grade Ⅲ were the worst. The main factors affecting the landscape quality included plant species, color and the habitat.[Conclusion] In the construction of landscape architecture, it is important to consider the diversity of plant species and colors, and make full use of the diversity of plant habitat.
Key words:  Zhangjiajie City  landscape quality  cover plants  landscape plants  analytic hierarchy process (AHP)  comprehensive evaluation and research