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农地整治项目农户有效参与的影响机理
陈智鑫1, 余利红2, 汪文雄1
1.华中农业大学 公共管理学院, 湖北 武汉 430070;2.中南民族大学 经济学院, 湖北 武汉 430074
摘要:
[目的]研究农地整治项目农户有效参与的影响机理,为政府国土部门制定提高农户有效参与的激励政策提供依据与参考。[方法]运用分位数回归以及反事实分位数分解模型,基于湖北省15个县(市、区)的26个农地整治项目的样本数据,分析农户有效参与的影响机理,同时探究丘陵工程模式区与岗前平原模式区农户有效参与的差异及成因。[结果]①从整体情况看,参与能力的增强,参与机会的增加,以及参与动力的提升对提高农户有效参与度均有着重要的影响。②从不同区域农户有效参与差异来看,由参与能力造成的特征差异解释了农户有效参与度差异的绝大部分,但是由参与机会和参与动力造成的地域系数差异同样农户有效参与中不可忽略的影响因素。[结论]参与能力的增强,参与机会的增加,参与动力的提升对农户有效参与度均有重要的影响;同时政府国土部门应结合不同区域农地整治项目的实际开展情况,有针对性地制定相关激励政策,以期改善各地农地整治项目中农户有效参与的情况。
关键词:  农地整治  农户有效参与  分位数回归  反事实分位数分解
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2018.05.029
分类号:F301.2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“农户有效参与提升农地整治项目绩效的机理及政策响应机制”(71373097);国家自然科学基金项目“农村土地整治PPP模式的减贫机理、效应及政策响应”,(71774065);教育部人文社会科学项目(14YJC790159)
Effective Participation Mechanism of Farmers in Rural Land Consolidation Project
CHEN Zhixin1, YU Lihong2, WANG Wenxiong1
1.College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China;2.School of Economics, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China
Abstract:
[Objective] To study the mechanism of effective participation of famers in rural land consolidation project in order to provide basis for policy making of the government.[Methods] Based on the survey data from 26 rural land consolidation project in Hubei Province, this paper used quantile regression and anti-fact decomposition model to investigate the differences and causes of effective participation of farmers between hilly engineering mode area and pre-service plain engineering mode area.[Results] ① The increase of participation ability, opportunity and motivation of farmers had an important effect on improvement of effective participation. ② The feature differences caused by the participation ability of farmers explained the most part of effective participation difference, but the coefficient differences caused by the participation opportunity and motivation of farmers also should not be neglected.[Conclusion] The enhancement of participation ability, the increase of participation opportunity and the promotion of participation have important impacts on the effective participation of farmers. Meanwhile, the land resource department of the government should make relevant incentive policy according to the actual situation to improve the effective participation of farmers in different area.
Key words:  rural land consolidation  farmers' effective participation  quantile regression model  anti-fact decomposition