文章摘要
陈晨,伍国勇.基于四阶段DEA的安徽省耕地利用效率分析[J].水土保持通报,2018,38(4):288~294
基于四阶段DEA的安徽省耕地利用效率分析
An Analysis on Efficiency of Arable Land Utilization in Anhui Province Based on Four-stage DEA Model
投稿时间:2018-02-09  修订日期:2018-05-21
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2018.04.046
中文关键词: 四阶段DEA  耕地资源  利用效率  安徽省
英文关键词: four-stage DEA  arable land  utilization efficiency  Anhui Province
基金项目:2014年贵州大学重点学科项目“农业生态安全问题的经济学研究”(GDZT201401);2015年贵州省教育厅基地项目“贵州农业保险财政补贴模式效率比较研究”(2015JD014);2016年贵州省科技厅软科学项目“农村产权改革与精准扶贫的对接研究”(GNYL[2017]002)
作者单位E-mail
陈晨 贵州大学 管理学院, 贵州 贵阳 550025  
伍国勇 贵州大学 管理学院, 贵州 贵阳 550025
贵州大学 中国喀斯特地区乡村振兴研究院, 贵州 贵阳 550025 
49431134@qq.com 
摘要点击次数: 51
全文下载次数: 58
中文摘要:
      [目的]运用更为准确有效的手段评价安徽省耕地利用效率,为安徽省耕地的集约高效利用提供参考依据。[方法]利用四阶段DEA方法测算2016年安徽省16市的耕地效率值。[结果]①安徽省16个市综合效率均值为0.743,表明安徽省耕地利用效率整体水平不高,纯技术效率和规模效率均有待提升。合肥市、亳州市、宿州市、六安市4市耕地的投入与产出比已达最优,蚌埠市等6市仅技术有效,其他6市不存在技术或规模有效;除阜阳市和最优4市外,其余11市耕地规模化经营尚具有一定潜力。②提高耕地复种指数和提高农民人均可支配收入均能够缓解各类投入资源的过剩程度,改善农田水利条件有利于提高耕地面积的利用率,增加劳均播种面积也会缓解劳动力的过度供给。[结论]适当提高复种指数,改善农田水利条件、促进农民非农就业,以区域发展带动农业发展是实现安徽省耕地高效集约利用的可行途径。
英文摘要:
      [Objective] Using reasonable and valid evaluation method to study the arable land utilization efficiency in Anhui Province in order to provide directions for its improvement.[Methods] Four-stage DEA method was used to evaluate the arable land efficiency of 16 regions in Anhui Province in 2016.[Results] ① For the whole province, the overall arable land utilization efficiency was 0.743, which indicated the arable land utilization efficiency in Anhui Province was not high, both technical efficiency and scale efficiency should be improved. For Hefei, Bozhou, Suzhou, Lu'an City, they were more efficient from the technology and scale perspectives. For Bengbu City and other three regions, they were only efficient in technology. For the remaining 6 regions, they were not efficient from both technology and scale perspectives. Except Fuyang and the best 4 regions, the remaining 11 regions had the potential to increase the scale further. ② Increasing cultivated land crop multiple index and economic earnings of farmers can decrease the oversupply of kinds of resources. Improving their irrigation and water conservation was beneficial to raise the efficiency of arable land utilization. Moreover, improving the unit labor consumption rate of cultivated land will relieve the oversupply of labor resources.[Conclusion] Raising cultivated land crop multiple index properly, improving the condition of irrigation and water conservancy, promoting the non-agricultural employment of farmers, and driving agricultural development by regional development are feasible methods to help achieve more efficient arable land utilization in Anhui Province.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭