文章摘要
崔海宁,王芳,汤峰.基于熵权物元模型的资源型城市脆弱性评价[J].水土保持通报,2018,38(4):266~273
基于熵权物元模型的资源型城市脆弱性评价
Evaluation of Urban Vulnerability in Resource-oriented City Based on Entropy Weight and Matter Element Model
投稿时间:2018-02-09  修订日期:2018-04-04
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2018.04.043
中文关键词: 城市脆弱性  评价  物元模型  唐山市
英文关键词: urban vulnerability  matter element analysis  Tangshan City
基金项目:河北省创新能力提升计划项目“河北省创新型乡镇评价指标体系和建设模式研究”(18456103D)
作者单位
崔海宁 河北瑞嘉土地规划咨询有限公司, 河北 廊坊 065000 
王芳 沧州市地产开发服务中心, 河北 沧州 061001 
汤峰 河北农业大学 国土资源学院, 河北 保定 071001 
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中文摘要:
      [目的]测度资源型城市——河北省唐山的城市脆弱性演变状况,为提高唐山和类似资源型城市可持续发展能力提供科学依据。[方法]采用敏感性—应对能力框架,从资源环境、经济和社会三方面构建了城市脆弱性评价指标体系,运用物元分析模型对2000—2014年唐山城市脆弱性开展评价。[结果]研究期间唐山城市脆弱性程度整体呈现下降趋势,警情等级从“向巨警转化”下降为“向警转化”,并分为4个阶段;人均耕地面积、地方财政自给率、城乡平衡指数、资源密集型产业就业比重、第三产业增加值比重、产业结构多样化指数、单位电耗、工业固体废弃物综合利用率、科技支出占地方财政支出比重、第三产业从业人员等仍是制约唐山市脆弱性状况的主要因素。[结论]物元模型可用于城市脆弱性评价。评价结果表明唐山城市脆弱性得到了改善,但未来仍需关注研究的障碍因子。
英文摘要:
      [Objective] The thesis aimed to evaluate the urban vulnerability evolution of resource-oriented Tangshan City of Hebei Province, and to provide scientific basis for improving the sustainable development ability of Tangshan City and similar resource-oriented cities.[Methods] Based on the framework of sensitivity response capability, the urban vulnerability evaluation index system was constructed from resources, environment, economy and society.Then we introduced matter element analysis model to evaluate the urban vulnerability of Tangshan City from 2000 to 2014.[Results] The overall level of urban vulnerability showed an downward trend in Tangshan City during the study period, the warning degree down from "to the huge warning transformation" to "no warning transformation", and divided into 4 stages. There are still many factors that restrict the vulnerability, including per capita arable land area, the local financial self-sufficiency rate, urban and rural balance index, resource intensive industry employment proportion, the proportion of the added value of industrial structure, the diversity index, unit GDP power consumption, industrial solid waste comprehensive utilization rate, science and technology expenditure of local fiscal expenditure, third industry practitioners and so on.[Conclusion] The matter element analysis model can be applied to urban vulnerability evaluation. The results show that the urban vulnerability of Tangshan City has been improved, but in the future, obstacle factors still need to be paid attention to.
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