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基于内容分析法的土地整理项目后期管护政策的演进分析
汪飞腾, 赵微, 周惠
华中农业大学 公共管理学院, 湖北 武汉 430070
摘要:
[目的]分析2000—2016年土地整理项目后期管护的政策文件,揭示管护政策的演进趋势及其内在规律,为进一步制定合理的土地整理后期管护政策提供理论参考。[方法]采用内容分析法开展研究。[结果]①管护政策文件数量迅速增加,2009—2016年增加幅度最大,期间达到年均6部,涉及20个省、市、自治区; ②管护政策文件形式多为通知、意见、管理办法等,效力层级较低; ③国家层面的管护政策文件集中在2000—2008年,文件关键词以管护主体和管护措施为主,地方层面的管护政策文件集中在中东部地区,文件关键词以管护主体和管护资金为主; ④专门性管护政策文件数量远少于综合性管护政策文件。[结论]现有管护政策体系不够完备,缺乏可操作性和地区差异的细则条款。应科学开展政策评估,促进相关层面政策文件出台和协调发展,进一步完善政策的制度结构。
关键词:  土地整理  土地政策  后期管护  内容分析法  政策演进
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2018.04.030
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“农地整理项目建后管护模式的绩效及其影响机理研究:‘结构—行为—绩效’的范式”(71403094),“农地整治项目治理绩效测度及治理绩效提升机制研究”(71503091)
Policies Evolution of Supervision and Maintenance of Land Consolidation Projects Based on Content Analysis Method
WANG Feiteng, ZHAO Wei, ZHOU Hui
College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The purpose of this study was to analyze the evolution trend of policies of supervision and maintenance of land consolidation projects between 2000 to 2016 and thus reveal the evolution law in order to provide a theoretical reference for further formulating reasonable management policies for land consolidation.[Methods] The content analysis method was employed.[Results] ① A large number of relevant policies had emerged during study term and the average items reached 6 from 2009 to 2016, involving 20 provinces; ② The existing policies' forms were mainly notices, opinions, and management regulations and so on, and therefore, the level of effectiveness of those policies was rather low; ③ The national policies were concentrated in 2000 to 2008, mainly about subject and measurement, and the local policies were mostly released in eastern and central regions, mainly about subject and fund; ④ The number of specialized policy was far less than the comprehensive policy.[Conclusion] The existing policy system is still lack of detailed rules and regional difference and it is strongly suggested to evaluate the policies' effect, increase the interactivity between national and local policies, and improve the institutional structure of the policy system.
Key words:  land consolidation  land policy  supervision and maintenance  content analysis method  policy evolution