文章摘要
鲍春晓,陈松林.基于“社会-经济-生态”模型的福建省城镇土地利用绩效空间差异研究[J].水土保持通报,2018,38(3):279~285
基于“社会-经济-生态”模型的福建省城镇土地利用绩效空间差异研究
Research on Spatial Difference of Urban Land Use Performance in Fujian Province Based on “Social-Economic-Ecological” Model
投稿时间:2017-10-07  修订日期:2018-01-19
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2018.03.045
中文关键词: 城镇土地利用  绩效评价  空间差异  福建省
英文关键词: urban land use  performance evaluation  spatial distribution  Fujian Province
基金项目:国土资源部公益性行业科研专项项目“海峡西岸建设用地空间拓展关键技术研究”(201411003)
作者单位E-mail
鲍春晓 福建师范大学 地理科学学院, 福建 福州 350007  
陈松林 福建师范大学 地理科学学院, 福建 福州 350007 slchen6@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      [目的]评价福建省城镇土地利用绩效的水平及其空间分布差异,为福建省土地利用绩效的优化提升提供科学依据。[方法]分别从社会绩效、经济绩效、生态绩效3个维度构建福建省城镇土地利用绩效评价指标体系,采用AHP法和主成分分析法确定权重,运用协调度函数计算分析福建省土地利用绩效水平。[结果]福建省9个设区市城镇土地利用绩效水平呈现"西低东高,北低南高"的特征格局,各设区市的土地利用绩效水平差异较为显著。社会、经济、生态3个绩效子系统分别具有不同的空间分布特征,其中社会绩效与经济绩效2个子系统呈现较强的空间集聚特征,而生态绩效子系统的空间分布趋势则较为分散。福建省9个设区市的城镇土地利用综合绩效可以划分为4种绩效类型:高度绩效区为厦门市;中度绩效区包括泉州市与福州市;较低绩效区为漳州市;低度绩效区包括莆田市、三明市、南平市、龙岩市和宁德市。[结论]福建省各设区市土地利用绩效水平差别较大,各个设区市土地利用绩效评价系统内部各子系统发展具有不均衡性,协调度整体水平与经济发展水平有较大关系,绩效内部的协调度体现为高绩效区带动下的周边区域整体水平趋高。
英文摘要:
      [Objective] To evaluate the level and spatial distribution differences of urban land use performance in order to provide scientific basis for the optimization and improvement of land use performance in Fujian Province.[Methods] The urban land use performance evaluation index system was constructed from three dimensions of social, economic and ecological performance. The weights were determined by AHP method and principal component analysis method. Using coordination degree functions, the performance level of land use in Fujian Province was calculated and analyzed.[Results] The performance level of urban land use in 9 cities in Fujian Province showed a pattern of "low in the west and north, but high in the east and south". The differences in land use performance among the cities were significant. Social, economic, and ecological performance subsystems have different spatial distribution characteristics. The social and economic performance subsystems showed strong spatial agglomeration characteristics, while the ecosystem performance subsystem showed a scattered spatial distribution trend. The comprehensive performance of urban land use in 9 cities in Fujian Province could be divided into four types of performance. The high performance area was Xiamen City; the medium performance area included Quanzhou City and Fuzhou City; the lower performance area was Zhangzhou City; and the low performance area included Putian, Sanming, Nanping, Longyan and Ningde cities.[Conclusion] The performance level of land use varies greatly among different cities in Fujian Province. The development of subsystems subordinated to each district-city land use performance evaluation system is unbalanced, and the overall level of coordination is close related to the economic development level. The degree of internal coordination is reflected in the increase of the overall level of peripheral areas driven by high-performance areas.
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