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生态文明背景下基于风水理论的村镇空间规划
王丽佳1, 廖和平2,3, 李加林1,4
1.宁波大学 地理与空间信息技术系, 浙江 宁波 315211;2.西南大学 地理科学学院, 重庆 400715;3.西南大学 国土资源研究所, 重庆 400715;4.宁波大学 东海研究院, 浙江 宁波 315211
摘要:
[目的]落实"以人为本"理念,在"生态文明"建设背景下探讨编制中国特色村镇"三生"空间规划新思路。[方法]基于对"风水"理论的科学界定,将"风水"理论中生态布局要求和美丽乡村建设实际需求相结合,以重庆市渝北区放牛坪村为例,对村镇规划中生产、生活、生态空间规划内容进行评价总结。[结果]研究区生产空间规划因地制宜、特色突出,生活空间规划生态宜居、节约集约,生态空间规划治理有效、美丽和谐,生态文明建设要求与科学风水理论得到相互印证。[结论]①"风水"理论的科学内核助推村镇规划编制工作。②自然"风水"条件可用于检验村镇空间规划合理性。③乡村居民对"风水"的心理诉求和文化认同是村镇规划参考的必要因素。
关键词:  风水理论  生态文明  村镇规划  三生空间  渝北区放牛坪村
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2018.03.044
分类号:
基金项目:宁波市重大科技攻关项目“村镇生态化治理及社区可持续发展研究集成示范”(2015C110001)
Research on Spatial Planning of Rural Land Based on Geomantic Theory in Background of Ecological Civilization
WANG Lijia1, LIAO Heping2,3, LI Jialin1,4
1.Department of Geography & Spatial Information Technology, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315211, China;2.School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;3.Institute of Land Resources, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;4.Institute of East China Sea, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315211, China
Abstract:
[Objective] To implement the concept of people-oriented in order to explore new ideas for the development of production-living-ecological spatial planning in villages and towns under the background of ecological-civilization.[Methods] Based on the scientific definition of geomantic theory, the paper combined the ecological layout requirement of geomantic theory with the actual demand of new rural construction to evaluate the spatial planning of production, life and ecological in village. Fangniuping village in Yubei District of Chongqing City was taken as a case study.[Results] The production space planning in the study area was suitable to local conditions and had prominent features. The living space planning was ecological, livable and intensive. The ecological space planning was effective, beautiful and harmonious. The ecological civilization construction requirements and scientific geomantic theory was mutually confirmed.[Conclusion] ① The concept of geomantic theory can improve the process of village planning. ② The natural geomantic condition in the planning area can be used to verify the rationality of the village space planning. ③ More attention should be paid on the psychological demands and cultural identity of rural residents in geomantic theory.
Key words:  geomantic theory  ecological civilization  rural planning  production-living-ecological space  Fangniuping village of Yubei District