文章摘要
答竹君,艾应伟,宋婷,郭培俊,王倩,李伟.道路边坡土壤水分空间和季节变异性分析[J].水土保持通报,2011,(1):72~75
道路边坡土壤水分空间和季节变异性分析
Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Soil Water in Road Slopes
投稿时间:2010-05-27  修订日期:2010-08-05
DOI:
中文关键词: 道路边坡  土壤水分  坡位  坡向  季节
英文关键词: railway slope  soil water content  slope position  slope aspect  season
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目"道路边坡创面的成土特性及机理研究"(40771087,40571064)
作者单位E-mail
答竹君 四川大学 生命科学学院 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室  
艾应伟 四川大学 生命科学学院 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室 aiyw99@sohu.com 
宋婷 四川大学 生命科学学院 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室  
郭培俊 四川大学 生命科学学院 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室  
王倩 四川大学 生命科学学院 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室  
李伟 中国科学院 成都山地灾害与环境研究所, 四川 成都 610041  
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中文摘要:
      以修建遂宁铁路时经液压喷播处理过的路堑边坡为对象,对道路边坡土壤水分在不同坡位、坡向的空间变异性和季节变异性进行了观测研究.结果表明,在坡位层面上,道路边坡的土壤含水量10月份坡上最高,达到18.3%,其余3个季度均为坡下的土壤含水量显著高于坡上和坡中.在坡向层面上,道路边坡4个坡向的土壤含水量在1月份和10月份差异不显著,但4月份和7月份阴坡的土壤含水量显著高于阳坡.在季节层面上,道路边坡3个坡位土壤含水量的最高值均出现在秋季,土壤含水量在4个坡向上均为1月份和10月份显著高于4月份和7月份.道路边坡的土壤含水量除坡下外,不同坡位、坡向之间的土壤含水量均有显著相关性,坡下的土壤含水量只与季节呈显著相关.除季节与各坡向土壤含水量呈负相关外,其余均为正相关.季节与各坡位之间的土壤含水量相关性密切,而与各坡向含水量无相关性.
英文摘要:
      The research objects of this study are the railway slopes which were treated with pressure spraying in the construction of Suiming-Chongqing railway.The variations of soil water of the road-slopes were monitored in different slope positions,various slope aspects during four seas-ons.The results show that soil water content peaked at the upper slope position in October,as high as 18.3%.For the other three seasons, the water contents were significant higher at the foot slope than at the upper and middle slopes.No significant difference of soil water were found among four slope aspects in January and October,while in April and July,soil water contents on shady slopes were significant higher than those on the sunny slopes.Soil water contents peaked in October on all the three slope positions.On all four slope aspects,soil water contents in January and October were significantly higher than those in April and July.Significant relationships were identified between soil moisture contents of different slope positions,slope aspects and seasons,except that soil moisture on foot slopes were affected by season changes only.All relationships were positive except between seasonal variations and slope aspects.Seasonal variations of soil moisture were related closely with slope positions rather than with slope aspects.
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